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What is bioremediation?

Bioremediation is the restoring of a surface or object to a condition which is not harmful to plant or animal life. There are four (4) subcategories of bioremediation: Biodegradation, Biorestoration, Biostimulation and Bioaugmentation.

Biodegredation

The degrading or breaking up of a substance or compound with living organisms. Bacteria and fungi are natures most common degrades.

Biorestoration

The restoring or bringing back to an original or near original state using living micro-organisms. Nature has a built in check and balance system in everything it does. If there is too much or too little of something nature will use various life forms to try to re-establish a balance.

Biostimulation

The process of engineering or manipulating a site or surface to enhance the growth of existing or added micro-organisms to do a desired function. Nature, in a short time will populate an area with micro-organisms to start a natural remediation process. Stimulation is used to speed up the remediation process. BIOSTIMULATION is the traditional approach. It is minimally effective because it relies on stimulating bacteria that “are already” in the soil.

Bioaugmentation

The adding of specific living forms to augment or help to reach the desired effect. Bioaugmentation is a recently perfected technology, surpassing all conventional methods. It uses large volumes of contaminant specific bacterial from outside the area to accomplish degradation. BIOAUGMENTATION is much faster, more predictable and more cost effective than biostimulation because contaminant specific bacteria are introduced in quantities which exceed the natural population levels of the resident bacteria. These microbes are placed where needed. Integrated products now exist which provide the microbes with all the nutrients necessary to assist the microbes to rapidly multiply and consume the hydrocarbon.

Local microbes if they exist “may” consume the hydrocarbon over a protracted period; petrophilic microbes “can only” and “will always” consume petroleum hydrocarbons.